BBC: What is the crux of the deteriorating relationship between virtue and "heavyweight partners"?
Zhongxin.com, July 1 (BBC) reported that on June 28 local time, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said that the alliance relationship between Germany and the United States is in terms of economy, defense and security. Of great significance. But even if Biden stayed in the White House, the deteriorating relationship between virtue and virtue could no longer be restored to its former state.
According to reports, Mas told the German News Agency that structural changes have taken place in German-US relations. NBC Business Channel reported that the United States and Germany are the most influential political and economic blocs in the West, but since Trump became president, US-Germany relations have continued to deteriorate.
Information: President Trang of the United States He exchanged ideas with German Chancellor Angela Merkel. China News Agency reporter Liao Panshe
BBC analysis said that the differences between the United States and Germany are manifested in many fields such as economy, politics, diplomacy and security.
In terms of trade, Trump has always criticized NATO member states. Trump once said that tariffs on European car imports would seriously affect Germany, because Germany is the home base of European car production.
Trump’s US priority remarks made within the Group of Seven (G7) also aroused criticism. Trump's refusal to support the G7 summit communiqué was described by German Chancellor Angela Merkel as "a bit frustrating." Not only that, Trump also withdrew from the Iran nuclear agreement and the Paris climate agreement. Recently, German Chancellor Angela Merkel also rejected Trump's invitation to hold a summit of seven nations in Washington on the grounds of the epidemic.
In addition, German defense spending has also become a major disagreement between Germany and the United States. The NATO agreement reached in 2014 stipulates that the defense budget of NATO member countries should reach 2% of the GDP of their respective countries. According to NATO estimates, Germany’s defense spending in 2019 accounted for 1.38% of its GDP, which triggered US dissatisfaction.
Trump has criticized Germany many times since he was elected president in 2016, saying that Germany does not have enough defense spending. Earlier in June 2020, Trump confirmed that the United States would withdraw 9,500 troops from Germany, saying that it would "reduce the number of soldiers to 25,000." He also said that the US garrison in Germany consumed "a great cost of America."
The White House’s plan to reduce its garrison in Germany has raised concerns about the Pentagon. Many in the US military believe that a substantial reduction in German garrison will affect defense against Russia. But the former US ambassador to Germany, trusted by Trump, once serving as acting director of the National Intelligence Agency, Grenell, and national security adviser O'Brien strongly supported Trump's withdrawal plan.
Information: President Trang of the United States general. China News Service reporter Chen Mengtong
The relationship between Germany and Russia, especially energy cooperation, is another controversial issue. US officials criticized the Beixi No. 2 natural gas pipeline project that bypassed Ukraine.
Trump said in 2018 that Germany was "fully controlled" by Russia and imposed sanctions on the project when the US was about to complete the Beixi 2 project in December 2019. But Germany believes that the US sanctions are interference in the internal affairs of Germany and Europe. German Foreign Minister Mas said that Europe’s energy policy should be decided by Europe, not by the United States.
Comments indicate that if the United States considers further sanctions on Beixi 2, Germany will also take retaliatory measures.