The epidemic situation is urgent!
Viewing the US Anti-epidemic Disease from the Perspective of Texas Mask Mask
The United States' COVID-19 epidemic has rebounded sharply, with more than 3 million cases diagnosed and 50,000 new cases in a single day. Texas, which is located in the south, the second largest in area and population in the United States, is one of the new "severe disaster areas". The epidemic situation seems to be riding a roller coaster, and medical resources are urgent.
The Texas epidemic has been relatively stable from the beginning to a sudden deterioration recently, which also forced the Republican governor who is highly consistent with US President Donald Trump and works hard to "restart" the economy. make".
The changes in the epidemic situation in Texas and the changes in the epidemic resistance are the epitome of the epidemic resistance in the United States.
As the COVID-19 epidemic situation in New York and other places gradually stabilizes, the multi-state epidemic situation in the southern and western United States has recently rebounded significantly. .
The rebound in the Texas epidemic began at the end of May, and the trend became more obvious after June 20. Newly diagnosed cases hovered at the 10,000 mark for three consecutive days from July 7 to 9.
Data from the Texas Department of Health shows that as of July 9, more than 230,000 confirmed cases in the state’s COVID-19 were more than doubled from half a month ago. At the same time, the positive rate of nucleic acid tests has also increased sharply. Taking Houston, Texas' largest city as an example, this indicator has increased from 10% to 25% a month ago.
The surge in patients has put tremendous pressure on the Texas medical system, and Houston regional hospitals with relatively developed medical resources are also stretched.
The Texas Medical Center in Houston is the world’s largest regional medical center with more than 60 medical institutions. The center issued a statement on June 25, saying that the utilization rate of intensive care beds in the central hospital has reached 100%, of which about 30% are infected with new coronavirus. In desperation, the hospital had to move some critically ill patients to the intensive care unit of Children's Hospital; cancer specialist hospitals also began to accept cancer patients infected with the new coronavirus.
The Assistant Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Human Services Brett Girova recently said that one of the reasons for the recent local outbreaks in southern and western states is that groups under the age of 35 did not wear masks to gather, or did not keep socializing distance.
【Fall into "out of control"]
Some experts pointed out that the "restart" of the economy is too fast and the prevention and control measures are not in place are important reasons. Among them, the governor Greg Abbott has to be mentioned.
Abbot maintains a high degree of consistency with Trump in domestic and foreign affairs, and his anti-epidemic stance is no exception.
Under Trump’s frequent calls to “restart” the economy and improve employment, Texas launched a “step-by-step” plan to restart the economy in April. Abbott ignored expert warnings and implemented the first and second phases in early May and mid-May.
In mid-June, the local epidemic situation has rebounded significantly. Abbott still agrees that playgrounds, theme parks and other facilities will be opened as planned. It wasn't until the end of June that the number of infections soared, he had to stop the "restart" program, asking the bar to close again.
In the anti-epidemic strategy, the contradiction between the state government and the county-level government has become increasingly prominent.
The mayors of Houston, Dallas and Austin, the three major cities in Texas, are Democrats. They have repeatedly suggested to Albert that the pace of opening should be slowed down and mandatory "mask orders" should be implemented throughout the state.
However, the appeal of the mayors did not receive a positive response from Albert. Abbot’s logic is that some townships with small population densities should not take the same strict anti-epidemic measures as large cities. But the mayors believe that the divergence of views between the state and the city on the control of the epidemic not only makes it difficult to implement the orders, but also causes confusion among the people and provides an excuse for some people to refuse to obey.
As Dallas Mayor Eric Johnson said: "Viruses don’t care about the boundaries of cities and counties."
As the number of infections continues to rise, various local chief executives have introduced regional "Mask order" and other measures. However, according to Texas law, county and city-level local chief executives have no right to issue orders that are stricter than governor’s administrative orders. In other words, in the absence of state-wide mandatory measures, the measures taken by the mayor can only be implemented consciously by the people.
After the daily increase of new cases in Texas hit a record high, Abbott finally seemed to realize the seriousness of the problem, and issued a statewide "mask order" on the 2nd of this month to force everyone Covering the nose and mouth in public places, the offender is fined $250. Abbot himself also began to wear masks in public places such as television interviews and press conferences.
[The two-level battle]
However, some mayors, including Austin and Houston, believe that the belated "mask order" is not strong enough and write to Abbott Hope to restart the "home order" and close the business premises, but in exchange for the Governor's accusation of "doing nothing".
In an interview with local TV stations recently, Abbott criticized that his order to close the bar was not implemented by the local government, and the photos of the bars in the bar are still on the Internet.
The differences between the Republican governor and the mayor of the Democratic Party have already appeared before the COVID-19 epidemic, and the epidemic further intensified this contradiction.
Texas is a traditionally "red state" that tends to support the Republican Party. Similar to some traditional "Red States", there are gradually more supporters of Democratic Party in large cities, and township residents are more inclined to split the Republican Party. In recent years, partisan differences have become more and more obvious to the local society.
"This is another manifestation of polarization between large and non-large cities, reflecting the huge differences in population and economic conditions from a deeper reason." Richard, professor of the Department of Political Science at the University of Houston · Murray said in an interview with the American media. (Gao Lu) (Special Feature for Xinhua News Agency)